America’s billionaires gave less in 2012 than in 2011, a new Chronicle tally shows.
The largest gifts announced by American philanthropists in 2012 totaled nearly $5.1-billion, but $3-billion of that was from Warren Buffett’s promise in August to give stock valued at $1-billion to each of three foundations run by his children.
Without Mr. Buffett’s pledges, the biggest gifts announced in 2012 would have totaled only $2-billion—far less than 2011’s $2.6-billion.
Nonetheless, three gifts of $100-million or more were announced in December, so that could be a positive sign for 2013.
Mark Zuckerberg, Facebook’s co-founder, donated $498.8-million in stock to the Silicon Valley Community Foundation in mid-December, within days of gifts from Mortimer Zuckerman, the publisher and real-estate executive who provided $200-million to Columbia University, and the Hollywood mogul David Geffen, who gave $100-million for scholarships to the medical school at the University of California at Los Angeles.
Thirteen of the commitments in 2012 were for $100-million or more (counting Mr. Buffett’s), three more than in 2011 and seven more than in 2010.
The new list shows charities’ continuing struggle to raise big sums even after the recession ended.
In 2009, the total plunged to $2.7-billion and in 2010 and to $1.4-billion.
Meanwhile, gifts of $1-million or more picked up steam in 2012. Not counting Mr. Buffett’s gifts, donations of $1-million or more totaled $6.1-billion in 2012, compared with $5.4-billion in 2011.
Colleges and Foundations Benefit
Six foundations and six colleges and universities won the largest gifts in 2012.
The most unusual donation was a $100-million pledge from the hedge-fund manager John Paulson, and his wife, Jenny, to the Central Park Conservancy, which works to protect the historic park.
And two donations were for brain research: Besides Mr. Zuckerman’s gift to help Columbia build a brain-science center, Paul Allen, the Microsoft co-founder, provided $300-million to expand an institute he created to study brain science.
The second biggest gift of 2012 was from Mr. Zuckerberg, who with his wife, Priscilla Chan, committed money for education and health causes.
Biggest Gifts Announced by Individuals in 2012
|Amount||Donor||Purpose or beneficiary|
|$1.03-billion (pledge)||The investor Warren Buffett||Howard G. Buffett Foundation|
|$1.03-billion (pledge)||The investor Warren Buffett||NoVo Foundation (Peter Buffett's fund)|
|$1.03-billion (pledge)||The investor Warren Buffett||Sherwood Foundation (Susan Buffett's fund)|
|$498.8-million||Mark Zuckerberg, Facebook co-founder, and his wife, Priscilla Chan||Silicon Valley Community Foundation, to support education and health|
|$300-million (pledge)||Paul Allen, Microsoft co-founder||Allen Institute for Brain Science, so it can expand its staff and programs|
|$200-million (pledge)||The publisher and real-estate executive Mortimer Zuckerman||Columbia University's Mind Brain Behavior Institute|
|$150-million (bequest)||Fred Fields, who headed Coe Manufacturing Company||Oregon Community Foundation, to support arts and education|
|$150-million (pledge)||The financier Carl Icahn||Mount Sinai School of Medicine, for medical research|
|$140-million (bequest)||David Gundlach, founder of an insurance company||Elkhart County Community Foundation|
|$125-million (pledge)||Phil Knight, Nike's chairman, and his wife, Penelope||Oregon Health & Science University Foundation, for a cardiovascular institute|
|$116.4-million (pledge)||The venture capitalist Michael Moritz and his wife, Harriet Heyman, a writer||University of Oxford, for undergraduate scholarships|
|$100-million (pledge)||The entertainment executive David Geffen||University of California at Los Angeles's medical school, for scholarships|
|$100-million (pledge)||The financier John Paulson and his wife, Jenny||Central Park Conservancy, for endowment and park-restoration programs|
|$60-million (pledge)||The businessman David Koch||Metropolitan Museum of Art, for renovations of its outdoor plaza|
|$60-million (pledge)||James Simons, a technology entrepreneur, and his wife, Marilyn||University of California at Berkeley, for a new computing institute|
Note: Does not include gifts of artwork or other noncash donations or gifts from anonymous donors.
The biggest gifts of the year show one slice of American philanthropy. In February, The Chronicle will release a more comprehensive tally of donations by America’s wealthy. The Philanthropy 50 will show who gave the most to all kinds of charities.